Each state in the United States has a senior military officer called an Adjutant General. In Nevada, the Governor appoints the Adjutant General. This position acts as the Governor’s Chief of Staff and is responsible for the state’s National Guard. In addition to state responsibilities, the Adjutant General is also responsible to the federal government for the use and care of federal assets under the state’s control.
The Legislature officially formed the Nevada National Guard in 1893. Before that Nevada had a militia. A militia is a group of ordinary citizens who are enlisted for service only in the event of an emergency. The Adjutant General was responsible for the militia both while Nevada was a Territory and later into statehood. In 1865 the Adjutant General prepared his first report to the Governor.
The Biennial Reports of the Nevada Adjutant General contain muster rolls of all men enlisted. They also include updates on military actions and correspondences. An accounting of funds, arms, ammunition and supplies was also made.
This is a complete collection of all reports of the Adjutant General included in the Appendix to Journals of Senate and Assembly for the First through the Thirty-fifth session of the Legislature of the State of Nevada. No reports were printed from 1866 and 1874.
The National Guard did not exist in Nevada from May 20, 1906 to July 29, 1912. Governor Sparks ordered the disbanding of the National Guard in 1906 after Nevada troops failed to meet federal standards. For many years Nevada was the only state without a National Guard. During this time the position of Adjutant General continued, however no published reports were made.
For more detailed information about the Office of the Military and the history of the Adjutant General visit: http://nsla.nv.gov/Exec_Branch/